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Registration Under GST

Persons required to register compulsorily

  1. Persons in states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand with aggregate Turnover of more than Rs. 10 lakhs.
  2. Persons in any other state with aggregate Turnover of more than Rs. 20 lakhs.
  3. Persons making any inter-State taxable supply.
  4. Casual taxable persons
  5. Persons who are required to pay tax under reverse charges
  6. Non-resident taxable persons
  7. Persons who are required to deduct tax under section 51
  8. Persons who supply goods and/or services on behalf of other registered taxable persons whether as an agent or otherwise
  9. Input service distributor
  10. Persons who supply goods and/or services, other than branded services, through electronic commerce operator
  11. Every person supplying online information and database access or retrieval services from a place outside India to a person in India, other than a registered person
  12. An aggregator who supplies services under his brand name or his trade name

Other Points:-

  • A farmer shall not be considered as a taxable person and shall not be liable to take registration.
  • The supplier shall not be liable to registration if his aggregate turnover consists of only goods and services which are not liable to tax or wholly exempt under this Act even if the turnover exceeds the threshold limit of Rs. 10 or Rs. 20 lakhs.
  • Persons who are supplying only goods or services on which tax is payable on reverse charge are exempted from taking registration. For eg: In case of Ola, Uber drivers the tax is collectible and payable by Ola or Uber and not by taxi drivers. Notification No. 5/2017
  • A person doing more than one business in a state may obtain a separate registration for each business. However, he is not compulsorily required to do so. If he makes separate registration, then all his firms are taken as separate firms for all purpose. And they have to pay tax and issue invoice for the supply of goods/service between themselves.
  • If a person operates in more than one states, then such person is required to register separately in every such state. Every such establishment will be treated as distinct person.
  • There is no option for centralized registration; registration needs to be done state wise.

Aggregate Turnover is the total value of following amounts of a person having the same PAN on all India basis

(i) all taxable and non-taxable supplies,
(ii) exempt supplies, and
(iii) exports of goods and service
(iv) supplies made on behalf of a principal (in case of agent)

but it doesn’t include

(i) the value of supplies on which tax is levied on reverse charge basis
(ii) supply of goods by job worker to the principal
(iii) the value of inward supplies

Therefore if an individual does two different businesses and its total turnover exceeds the threshold limit, then he is compulsorily required to register. Also, a person who is working in two states and his total turnover exceed the threshold limit also required to register in both such States.

The supply of goods, after completion of job-work, by a registered job-worker shall be treated as the supply of goods by the principal and the value of such goods shall not be included in the aggregate turnover of the registered job worker.

Voluntary Registration

A person who is not liable to be registered may get himself registered voluntarily. The person who gets himself registered voluntarily shall be liable for payment of tax and all provisions of the Act will apply to him in the same manner as applicable to registered persons.

Time Limit for Registration

A person has to apply for registration within 30 days from the date on which he becomes liable to registration.

Effective Date of Registration

Where the application for registration has been submitted within thirty days from the date on which the person becomes liable to registration, the effective date of registration shall be the date on which he becomes liable for registration.

Where an application for registration has been submitted by the applicant after thirty days from the date of his becoming liable to registration, the effective date of registration shall be the date of grant of registration.In the case of voluntarily registration while being within the threshold exemption limit for paying tax, the effective date of registration shall be the date of the order of registration.

Requirements for Registration

A person needs to have PAN (Permanent Account Number) to register under Goods and Service Tax. The GST number is linked to the PAN of the taxable person.

Non-Taxable Person may be granted registration on any other document prescribed in this behalf. No separate registration is required under CGST, SGST/UTGST and IGST. Only single registration is made under all the three taxes.

TAN number is sufficient for persons who are required to deduct TDS under Section 51; they are not required compulsorily to have PAN.

A valid passport is required for registration by non-resident persons.

Separate registration for multiple business verticals within a State or a Union territory

Any person having multiple business verticals within a State or a Union territory, requiring a separate registration for any of its business verticals shall be granted separate registration in respect of each of the verticals subject to the following conditions:-

  • Such person has more than one business vertical.
  • Either all firms of a single taxable person must pay tax under composition scheme, or all firms must pay tax under the normal scheme.
  • Such separate entities should issue tax invoice and pay tax in respect of supplies made to each other.

Business vertical is defined as

“business vertical” means a distinguishable component of an enterprise that is engaged in the supply of individual goods or services or a group of related goods or services which are subject to risks and returns that are different from those of the other business verticals.

Explanation.––For the purposes of this clause, factors that should be considered in determining whether goods or services are related include–

(a) the nature of the goods or services.
(b) the nature of the production processes.
(c) the type or class of customers for the goods or services.
(d) the methods used to distribute the goods or supply of services.
(e) the nature of regulatory environment (wherever applicable), including banking, insurance, or public utilities

Things that an unregistered person is not allowed to

A person who is not registered under GST is not allowed to collect GST and is not allowed to take Input Tax Credit (ITC) of GST paid by him. Therefore if an unregistered person purchases goods from a registered dealer and pays GST, then he cannot claim GST as well as can not pass on the GST to another dealer to which he sells goods/services.


About Rohit Pithisaria

Rohit Pithisaria founded TaxAdda in July 2012. He is Practicing Chartered Accountant from Jaipur and been in practice for more than 7 years. He is actively writing from very beginning of his professional career and is author of various tax articles and blogs.
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